Tropical forest, Brazil


Approximately 70 percent of all orchids are epiphytes, plants that grow on other plants. Epiphytic orchids are largely confined to the tropics and subtropics, where day length and the aspect of the sun vary little with the seasons and temperature ranges are generally stable and above freezing.

Epiphytic orchids are often characterized by succulent leaves with thick cell walls, cuticles, and sunken stomata, whereas terrestrial orchids possess rhizomes, corms, or tubers. Most orchids have a long juvenile period, slow growth rate, and low photosynthetic capacity.


Insight Studio


28 Aug 2019



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The highest numbers of species per region occur in Colombia, Ecuador, New Guinea, Brazil, Peru or Borneo.

Most orchid species grow in tropical forests, but others can be found in semi-desert regions, near the seashore and in the tundra. The majority of neotropical orchid species can be found in southern Central America, northwest South America, and countries that lie along the Andes Mountains.

What country has the best orchids? South America. The South American continent boasts more than 300 different genera and 12,000 species, making it the most orchid-diverse continent in the world. Ecuador and Colombia contribute to this diversity and have been recognized for having more orchids per square meter than any other country in the world.